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Mon. Aug 8th, 2022
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NEW DELHI: Millions of Indians found great inspiration in Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, widely known as the Missile Man of India. He was an aerospace scientist and a phenomenal teacher who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007, and was widely referred to as ‘People’s President’. Besides, he was the first Muslim President to serve an entire term.

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Today, on July 27, India is marking Dr APJ Abdul Kalam’s death anniversary. He passed away in the year 2015 from a heart attack while giving a lecture at IIM Shillong. Thousands including Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended the funeral held in his hometown of Rameshwaram. Dr Kalam’s demise left the nation in shock and pain.
Kalam’s contributions to the nation’s scientific advancements are still acknowledged seven years after his passing.
Here are some more interesting facts about Dr APJ Abdul Kalam-
* Born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, on October 15, 1931, Kalam earned his bachelor’s degree in science from St. Joseph’s College there in 1954 and his master’s degree in aeronautical engineering from Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1957.

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* He was known as the “Missile Man of India” because he was responsible for the development and operationalisation of the Agni and Prithvi missiles.
* Kalam oversaw the creation of SLV III, India’s first satellite launch vehicle, which was utilised to put the Rohini satellite into orbit around the Earth. India joined the space club as a result of this accomplishment.
* Kalam took on the duty of creating domestic guided missiles at the Defense Research and Development Organization after spending two decades working for ISRO (DRDO).

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* Kalam planned the Pokhran-II nuclear tests, which catapulted India into the elite club of nuclear powers, which at the time consisted of of the United States, China, the United Kingdom, France, and Russia. Kalam served as the model for the 2018 film “Parmanu: The Story of Pokhran,” starring John Abraham.
* He was awarded honorary doctorates by 48 Indian and international universities and organisations.
* Kalam received the prestigious Padma Bhushan (1981), Padma Vibhushan (1990), and Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour (1997).

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* In addition to physics and defence, Kalam contributed to initiatives aimed at enhancing access to healthcare in rural India. He created a low-cost stent with the help of cardiologist Soma Raju, giving it the name Kalam-Raju stent.
* Kalam was the Prime Minister’s Chief Scientific Advisor and the DRDO Secretary for seven years, from 1992 to 1999.
* He beat Lakshmi Sahgal in 2002 to become India’s 11th president. He will always be known as the “People’s President” in the annals of the nation.

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