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Tue. Oct 4th, 2022
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NEW DELHI: PM Modi on Monday said India’s dairy cooperatives, driven by small farmers, are unique in the whole world and can be a good business model for poor countries. He also referred to the challenges of making the cattle safe from various diseases, including the Lumpy Skin Disease, and assured the problem would be dealt with the help of indigenously developed vaccines.
The PM was delivering his inaugural address at the four-day World Dairy Summit in Greater Noida. It is a congregation of dairy stakeholders, including industry leaders, experts, farmers and policy planners, from 50 countries. The last such summit was held in India in 1974.
Noting how India has become the largest producer of milk banking on small livestock owners and huge network of dairy cooperatives, he said, “India’s dairy sector is characterised by ‘production by masses’ more than ‘mass production’. This sector provides employment to more than eight crore families in the country…Dairy cooperatives collect milk twice a day from about two crore farmers in more than two lakh villages in the country and deliver it to the customers. One cannot find such an example in the whole world elsewhere.”
Drawing an analogy, Modi said that animal husbandry and farming require diversity, and monoculture might not be the only solution. Emphasising that India is paying equal attention to both indigenous breeds and hybrid breeds, he noted that it will also reduce the risk of damage caused by climate change.
Stressing the use of modern technology in the livestock sector, Modi said that India is building the largest database of dairy animals and every animal associated with the dairy sector is being tagged. “We are doing biometric identification of animals. We have named it – Pashu Aadhar”, he said, noting that India is also working on a digital system which will capture the end-to-end activities of the sector.
Speaking about the uniqueness of India’s dairy sector supported by dairy cooperatives, Modi drew attention to the fact that there is no middleman in the entire process (collection of milk from farmers and delivering it to consumers), and more than 70% of the money that is received from the customers goes directly into the pockets of the farmers.
“No other country has this ratio in the whole world”, said the Prime Minister while underlining the efficiency of the digital system of payment in the dairy sector which, he added, has many lessons for other countries.
Referring to LSD that led to deaths of over 57,000 cattle in India, Modi assured that the central government, along with various state governments, is trying their level best to put a check on it. He noted that efforts are being made to track the movement of animals to keep the outbreak under control. “Be it vaccination of animals or any other modern technology, India is always eager to contribute to the field of dairy while striving to learn from its partner nations,” said the Prime Minister.
“When the animal is sick it affects the life of the farmer, impacting his income. It also affects the efficiency of the animal, the quality of its milk and other related products,” he said. Noting that India is working toward universal vaccination of animals, the Prime Minister said, “We have resolved that by 2025, we will vaccinate 100% of the animals against ‘Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis’. We are aiming to be completely free from these diseases by the end of this decade.”
Sharing statistics on growth of the dairy sector in the country the last few years, he said, “India produced 146 million tonnes of milk in 2014. It has now increased to 210 million tonnes. That is, an increase of about 44%.” He also underlined that as compared to the 2% production growth at the global level, India is clocking the milk production growth rate at more than 6%.

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