Wed. Aug 17th, 2022
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NEW DELHI: Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease and is mostly transmitted to people from wild animals such as rodents and primates, however, human-to-human transmission is also possible. Monkeypox cases, both suspected as well as confirmed, continue to rise in several nations. It is a rare disease and is similar to other poxviruses like the virus that leads to smallpox. This is the first time this virus has been found outside of Africa.
With the WHO declaring Monkeypox a global public health emergency of international concern and India reporting four cases of the disease, experts on Sunday said there is no need to panic as it is less contagious and rarely fatal.
Monkeypox can be passed on from person to person through

  • Any close physical contact or towels used by someone with with monkeypox blisters or scabs monkeypox (including sexual contact, kissing. Coughs or sneezes of a person cuddling or holding hands).

  • Touching clothing, bedding or towels used by someone with Monkeypox

  • Coughs or sneezes of a person with Monkeypox when they are close to you.

You’re extremely unlikely to have monkeypox if

  • You have not been in close contact with an infected person.

  • You have not recently travelled to countries with high prevalence.

Who can get it

  • Any one can get monkeypox.

  • However, because most cases reported till date involve men are gay or bisexual or men who have sex with other men, it’s particularly important for people of these groups to be aware.

Symptoms of Monkeypox
If you get infected with monkeypox, it usually takes between 5 to 21 days for the first symptoms to appear.

  • A rash usually appears 1 to 5 days after the first symptom. The rash often begins on the then spreads to other parts of the body. This can include gentials and anus.

  • The symptoms usually clear up in a few weeks. While you have symptoms, you can can pass monkeypox on to other people.

Dos

  • Wash your hands with soap and water regularly or use an alcohol-based hand sanitiser.

  • Talk to partners about their sexual health and any symptoms they may have.

  • Take a break from sex and intimate contact if you have symptoms of monkeypox.

Don’ts

  • Do not share bedding or towels with people who have monkeypox.

  • Do not have close contact within 1 metre) with people who may have monkeypox.

  • Do not go near wild or stray animals, including that appear unwell or are dead, while travelling to countries with high caseload.

Treatment

  • The disease is usually self-limiting, meaning symptoms usually go away without the need for treatment.

  • Some people may require antibiotics and analoesia to treat secondary infections and local pain.

  • A new vaccine has been approved for the prevention of Monkeypox, and smallpox vaccine has also been demonstrated to provide protection. However these vaccines are not widely available.

( with inputs from: NHS, others)

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