PM Modi was delivering the inaugural address at the four days long International Dairy Federation World Dairy Summit 2022. India is hosting the Summit after 48 years.
The PM said India’s dairy sector is characterized by “production by masses” and not “mass production”.
He pointed out that unlike other developed countries of the world, the driving force of the dairy sector in India is small farmers. India is the largest milk-producing country on the basis of the efforts of these small farmers with one, two or three cattle.
“This sector provides employment to more than 8 crore families in the country,” he said. Talking about other unique characteristics of India’s dairy sector, he said the huge network of dairy cooperatives in India cannot be seen anywhere else in the world.
“Dairy cooperatives collect milk twice a day from about two crore farmers in more than two lakh villages in the country and deliver it to the customers. And there is no middleman in the entire process. More than 70 per cent of the money that is received from the customers goes directly into the pockets of the farmers. No other country has this ratio in the whole world” he said.
He also highlighted the power of women in the dairy sector while pointing out that women have 70% representation in the workforce of India’s dairy sector.
“Women are the real leaders of India’s dairy sector”, he said, “Not only this, more than a third of the members of dairy cooperatives in India are women.” He said at more than eight and a half lakh crore rupees, the dairy sector is more than the combined value of wheat and rice. “This is all driven by the women power of India.”
He said that his government has worked relentlessly to enhance the potential of India’s dairy sector since 2014. “India produced 146 million tonnes of milk in 2014. It has now increased to 210 million tonnes. That is, an increase of about 44 per cent”, he said, adding that as compared to 2 % global growth rate, India’s growth rate in milk production stands at 6 %.
Modi said that India is working toward universal vaccination of animals. “We have resolved that by 2025, we will vaccinate 100% of the animals against Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis. We are aiming to be completely free from these diseases by the end of this decade”, he said.
Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath, union minister of fisheries, animal husbandry and dairying Parshottam Rupala, minister of states Dr L Murugan, Sanjeev Kumar Balyan among others were present during the inagurual session.
PM cites example of Kutch’s Banni buffaloes
The sturdy Banni buffaloes of Gujarat’s Kutch found a mention from Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the inauguration of IDF World Dairy Summit 2022. Sharing an example of the sturdy breed, Modi said that the buffaloes are known for their high resilience to adverse climatic conditions.
He said the buffaloes graze in the night and return to their owners the next morning. “There are hardly any reports of theft or the buffalo going on the wrong track,” while referring to the indigenous breed.
He also referred to other buffalo breeds such as Murrah, Mehsana, Jafrabadi, Nili Ravi, and Pandharpuri and cow breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Kankrej, Tharparker and Haryana.
The PM stressed that India is paying equal attention to both indigenous breeds and hybrid breeds.