Evolution, periodic table to stay part of Class 9-10 syllabus | India News

NEW DELHI : Darwin’s theory of evolution and the periodic table will continue to be part of the Class 9 and 10 syllabus as will chapters on the Mughals, members of the national steering committee of the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) for school education said. In the social sciences section, apart from the Mughals, the history of Cholas, Ahoms and Marathas will also be taught.
NCERT has courted controversy in the last couple of months over allegations of “several substantive revisions of original texts” during rationalisation of the syllabus. Government sources, however, said there was no academic merit in the criticism as the “rationalisation” exercise was meant for the immediate objective to reduce the academic load due to the Covid pandemic and, therefore, was temporary in nature. The Council is preparing to bring out a new set of textbooks based on the NCF by the next academic session, official sources said.
TOI reviewed the proposed curriculum, based on which textbooks for Classes 3 to 12 will be designed. According to officials who are part of finalisation of the NCF, the document considers periodic table and its classification as “essential concepts”, while evolution of life, theory of natural selection and Darwinism are dealt with extensively across senior classes.
“The document amplifies the importance of learning at secondary stages (Classes 9 to 12) concepts such as Newton’s laws, Ohm’s laws and Mendel’s laws of inheritance. In fact, classification of elements in the periodic table ispart of the curricular goal at the secondary stage,” a subject expert in NCERT said.
Experts involved in framing the curriculum rebutted the criticism that the rationalisation exercise was an excuse for the promotion of an ideology. “The boot is on the other foot. The previous curriculum was geared to promote an agenda, whereas the forthcoming curriculum seeks to fill the gaps in learning,” an expert said.
NCERT had faced criticism for dropping periodic table from the Class 10 and 12 boards. The new NCF, which comes after a gap of 18 years, in a series of four courses is likely to start with classification of elements in the periodic table and their properties. Building on these principles, the combination of elements to form compounds, the nature of these bonds and molecular geometry are to be detailed. In April, a group of scientists, teachers and educators had signed an open letter to NCERT condemning the removal of Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution from science textbooks for Class 9 and 10.
“Analysis of evidence de-monstrating the consequences of the process of natural selection on biological evolution in terms of changes — structure and function of organisms — is part of the curricular goal, and in the course on Unity of Life, students will be engaged in an overview of the development of the theory of evolution by natural selection through the work of Darwin and Wallace, a discussion of modern synthesis, and an introduction to phylogenetics through the study of the tree of life,” a member of the national steering committee said.
Asenior official with the ministry of education said once the NCF was ready, NCERT would take up the “ambitious task” of designing the textbooks by the end of the year.
JNU VC Prof Santishree Dhulipudi Pandit said, “Earlier, textbooks were more agenda setting and gatekeeping. Why were the Cholas or the Ahoms, who ruled for much longer, ignored? Mughals will be taught in its rightful space, but several other gaps are being filled, those who were being marginalised earlier. ”

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